As a recently approved non-medication treatment for depression, TMS or transcranial magnetic stimulation has been proved to be much more effective than the other conventional anti-depressants in individuals who don’t respond well to other traditional treatments. Presently, around 20 million people suffer from a mental disease well known as clinical depression and even more suffer from pre-depression symptoms. As per what depression experts have to say, two-thirds of these people respond to conventional depression drugs and the remaining third has to deal with their depression on their own.
What is TMS?
The full form of TMS therapy is Transcranial magnetic stimulation which uses magnetic fields to stimulate the nerve cells of your brain. This method is utilized to improve certain signs of depression by making the nerve response normal inside the brain. There are few studies on depression which show that in patients suffering from depression, the brain faces enough trouble completing the total circuit of the brain chemicals like 5-HTP and serotonin. Utilizing magnetic stimulation, the brain can again function properly and thereby reduce all symptoms of depression.
Why does TMS work among people suffering from different mental issues?
TMS is shown to induce certain changes in the activity of neurons in regions of the brain which are affected during mood regulation like the prefrontal cortex. As the magnetic pulse pass through the brain, this promotes a brief activity of brain cells due to the treatment. Studies also reveal that stimulation over the right and left sides of the brain have opposite effect on regulation of mood.
When is a treatment like TMS used?
When someone suffers from major depression, psychotherapy and antidepressant medicines are used as the initial therapy but unfortunately, these treatments don’t work for all patients. In such cases, TMS therapy may be used as a worthy alternative treatment which increases the chances of getting cured. So, patients who have not received sufficient response from anti-depressants may choose this therapy.
Who will administer the TMS therapy?
TMS is prescribed by a TMS physician and they are usually credentialed by the Hospital. The motor threshold is determined by a TMS Physician and the treatment is also administered by an experienced technician who will do it. The TMS physician will be present always to monitor the patient while he is on treatment. The patient may even stop the treatment when he thinks is necessary or due to some problem.
Do you need to be hospitalized for a session of TMS?
No, unlike ECT, TMS doesn’t need any kind of sedation or other sorts of general anesthesia and patients remain fully awake while undergoing the treatment. There is no such recovery time and hence patients can drive home on their own and get back to their unusual activities.
Therefore, if you’re suffering from depression or from the pre-depression symptoms, consult a physician and get you sitting of TMS therapy done to get cured as soon as possible.